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Can Diabetes Be Diagnosed Without Symptoms?

Asymptomatic Diabetes The Importance of Diabetes, ScreeningWays to Diagnose Asymptomatic DiabetesRisk Factors and Targeted Screening. The Significance of Early Diagnosis

Diabetes is a health condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal. It occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot effectively use it. The most common symptoms include frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing wounds, or recurrent infections. However, what if the person does not show any signs? 

In this article, we talk about how asymptomatic diabetes is diagnosed, even in the absence of any signs. We will discuss why it is important to find it early and what can be done to manage it.

Asymptomatic Diabetes

Asymptomatic diabetes occurs when a person has high blood sugar levels but no symptoms. It can turn into severe type 2 diabetes if it's not taken care of. It can damage blood vessels, nerves, and other vital organs, thereby increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases, kidney problems, eye damage, and other related complications. It's important to find asymptomatic diabetes early to prevent the related health consequences.

The Importance of Diabetes Screening

Screening indicates checking for a disease even if a person has no symptoms. It's imperative to do screening for diabetes, including asymptomatic diabetes, because finding it early can help with treatment and lifestyle changes. 

Ways to Diagnose Asymptomatic Diabetes

1. Fasting Blood Glucose Test (FPG test)

Fasting blood glucose test measures blood sugar levels after overnight fasting. A level of 100-125 mg/dL indicates pre-diabetes, while a level of 126 mg/dL or higher on two separate occasions indicates diabetes. 

2. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)

This test involves drinking a sugary drink and checking blood sugar levels at different times. A blood sugar level of 140-199 mg/dL two hours after the drink indicates pre-diabetes, while 200 mg/dL or higher indicates diabetes. 

3. Haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) Test

HbA1c test shows the average blood sugar levels over the past few months. An HbA1c level of 5.7-6.4% indicates pre-diabetes, while a level of 6.5% or higher indicates diabetes.

4. Random Blood Glucose Test

Random blood glucose test measures the glucose levels in the blood at any given time, regardless of when the person last ate. It can be useful in diagnosing diabetes or monitoring glucose levels in individuals with known diabetes.

5. Autoantibody testing

It is a type of blood test used to detect the presence of autoantibodies in the body. Autoantibodies are antibodies that mistakenly target and attack the body's own tissues or organs. These tests are commonly used in diagnosing autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes.

6. Urine glucose testing

Urine examination is used to detect the presence of glucose in the urine. It is commonly used as a screening tool for diabetes or to monitor blood sugar control in individuals with diabetes.

7. C-peptide levels

This refers to the measurement of C-peptide, a molecule released during insulin production in the pancreas. This test helps differentiates between type 1 (low levels) and type 2 diabetes (level varies on the diabetes stage).

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